The Uterine Fibroid Embolization is the procedure that is used in the treatment of Fibroid tumors. Fibroid tumors affect the uterus, and they cause heavy menstrual bleeding, pressure on the bowel and pain. Studies have revealed that almost 90 % of women suffer from symptomatic fibroids. Therefore, they are required to undergo the Uterine Fibroid Embolization which is a specialized form of Uterine Artery Embolization.
Uterine Fibroid Embolization is a ufe procedure. That uses a system of real-time X-ray which is also known as Fluoroscopy. It guides the delivery of the embolic agents to the fibroids as well as the uterus. These embolic agents, block the arteries that supply blood to the Fibroids and therefore causing them to shrink.
The UFE is offenly offered to women who are no longer interested in getting pregnant or need to avoid getting the hysterectomy because this procedure may affect fertility. In case, you want to get pregnant in the future; then the doctor may prefer conducting a Myomectomy. It is a surgery that involves the removal of the fibroids but leaves the uterus.
The common symptoms of Uterine Fibroids
The fibroid tumors can either grow in the Uterine wall or outside the uterus. They grow in different sizes. Some of the common symptoms of uterine fibroids include; pain during sex, frequent urination, abdominal pain, rectum discomfort as well as a heavy, painful and prolonged period.
The common uses of the Uterine Artery Embolization
The Uterine Artery Embolization has been used for quite a long time to stop bleeding in the pelvis that is mostly caused by; trauma, the bleeding that occurs after birth and the malignant gynecological tumors. Uterine Fibroid Embolization is specially used in the treatment of symptomatic fibroids.
Preparation for the Uterine Fibroid Embolization
The doctor will first access the condition of your fibroids by imaging the uterus using the Magnetic Resonance imaging or the Ultrasound. This process is used to determine the size, location and the number of fibroids.
Occasionally, the gynecologist may perform a laparoscopy. In case of heavy bleeding in between your periods, the doctor may recommend a biopsy of the endometrium to remove any cancerous cells.
It is important to notify the doctor in case you are on any medication, recent illness or even any form of allergy because they might affect the operation. The doctor may also instruct you not to drink or eat anything before the procedure.
The ufe procedure
The procedure of Uterine Fibroid Embolization is image-guided.it is conducted by trained specialists who introduce the catheter into the uterine to deposit particles. You are then, connected to monitors that track the blood pressure, heart rate and pulse during the surgery.
The specialists, therefore, insert the intravenous (IV) line into the vein in your arm to inject the sedative medication that keeps you awake and feeling no pain.
A catheter is inserted into the femoral artery using the guidance of the X-ray. The embolic agents are then released to the uterine arteries by repositioning the catheter that was initially used.
At the end of the procedure, the catheter is removed while pressure is applied to stop any bleeding. The intravenous is then removed. Only one skin puncture will be required for the whole process. Besides, this procedure will take 90 minutes to be completed.
Uterine Fibroid embolization should only be performed on women who have the symptoms of fibroids. Besides, it is not an option for the pregnant women. This ufe procedure cannot be performed to allergic women because the contrast material that is used in operation contains iodine that may affect them. Therefore, women with the above conditions should seek alternative treatment to fibroids.